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prometheus安装和配置

掌柜博主
2019-09-27
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09/27
本文最后更新于2023年07月07日,已超过344天没有更新。如果文章内容或图片资源失效,请留言反馈,我会及时处理,谢谢!

1.环境说明

角色主机名IP系统版本
监控服务端sy-gmh-monitor-vm6.shaoyan.pro192.168.168.6CentOS Linux release 7.6.1810 (Core)

计划prometheus,zabbix,saltstack服务端都跑在这台虚拟机。

2.下载安装prometheus

到官网链接下载对应系统版本:https://prometheus.io/download/
因为prometheusGo写的,提供的是编译好的二进制包,所以下载解压,添加环境变量就可以用啦。

[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:/data/app]# wget https://github.com/prometheus/prometheus/releases/download/v2.10.0/prometheus-2.10.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:/data/app]# mv prometheus-2.10.0.linux-amd64 prometheus-2.10.0
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:/data/app]# ln -s /data/app/prometheus-2.10.0 /usr/local/prometheus
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:/data/app]# tail -2 /etc/profile.d/myenv.sh 
# prometheus
export PATH=/usr/local/prometheus:$PATH
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:/data/app]# source /etc/profile.d/myenv.sh 

3.启动prometheus

# 使用默认配置先跑起来
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:~]# prometheus --config.file "/usr/local/prometheus/prometheus.yml"

# 再开一个ssh连接。查看端口,添加iptables防火墙规则
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:~]# netstat -nltp
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name    
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:12080 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 9244/sshd           
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:25 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 9446/master         
tcp6 0 0 :::12080 :::* LISTEN 9244/sshd           
tcp6 0 0 ::1:25 :::* LISTEN 9446/master         
tcp6 0 0 :::9090 :::* LISTEN 10196/prometheus    
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:~]# iptables -nL
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target prot opt source destination         
ACCEPT tcp -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 tcp dpt:12080
ACCEPT tcp -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 state NEW tcp dpt:12080
ACCEPT tcp -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 tcp dpt:80
ACCEPT tcp -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 tcp dpt:443
ACCEPT all -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT icmp -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0           
ACCEPT all -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0           
ACCEPT tcp -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 state NEW tcp dpt:22
REJECT all -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target prot opt source destination         
REJECT all -- 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target prot opt source destination         
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:~]# iptables -I INPUT -s 192.168.168.0/24 -p tcp -m tcp -j ACCEPT
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:~]# service iptables save
iptables: Saving firewall rules to /etc/sysconfig/iptables:[ OK ]
[root@sy-gmh-monitor-vm6:~]#

4.访问prometheus

访问:http://192.168.168.6:9090


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